Monday, December 17, 2012


Specific Character and Synonyms.

Shrub from two to three feet or more in height, the thickest part of the stem not exceeding the size of the little finger, covered with a smooth brown bark, irregularly branched; Flowers appearing before the leaves are fully expanded, and produced in umbels at the extremities of the branches, from eight to twelve or more in an umbel, of a fine yellow color and agreeable fragrance; each blossom is about the size of that of the horse-chestnut, and as some of them are produced much earlier than others, the plant of course continues a considerable time in bloom, (landing on short peduncles; Calyx very
short, viscous, and irregularly divided, moll commonly into five ova to lance late figments ; Corolla, tube cylindrical, viscous, grooved, brim divided into five figments, undulated and somewhat wrinkled, ovate, pointed, three turning upwards, two downwards, of the three uppermost figments the middle one more intensely yellow than the others and inclining to orange, with which it is sometimes spotted; Stamina usually five, yellow, projecting beyond the corolla, and turning upwards near their extremities; Anther orange-colored; Pollen whitish and thready Germen somewhat conical, evidently hairy, and somewhat angular; Style yellowish, coliform, projecting beyond the (lamina, and turning upwards; Stigma forming a round green head. The figure and description here given were taken from a plant which flowered by means of artificial heat, in the fpring of 1798, at Mr.Watson’s, Nurseryman, Ellington, and which had been introduced the fame year, by Mr. Anthony Hove, of Warfaw. Aran hardy ornamental shrub, it bids fair to prove an acquisition truly valuable, its flowers produced in the months of June and July, being highly ornamental as well as fragrant.
We have the best authority for regarding this plant as the Chamarhodendros Pontic a of Tournefort, it agrees with his own specimens in Sir Joseph Banks’s Herbarium, it accords also with his description, and figures, more especially of those flowers which are of their naturalize ; nor have we any doubts of its being the Azalea Pontica of Prof. Pallas, figured in the Flor. Roffica, since it corresponds generally
with his description, though not in all points with his figure, which bears evident marks of inaccuracy, the stigma, for instance, is represented as trisid. Tournesort found this plant on the eastern fide of the Black Sea, Mr. Hove on the north fide near Oczakow, and elsewhere ; Professor Pallas on sylount Caucafus. As yet there has been no opportunity of ascertaining the best means of
propagating this new denizen, but there is every reason to suppose that it will succeed with the treatment bestowed on the other Azalras. Prof. Pallas relates that the honey of bees frequenting the flowers of this plant is supposed to be narcotic, and that goats, swine, and sheep  eating its leaves, have been poisoned thereby. 

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